Revelation Chapter 1

“Trying to understand Revelation before you really know the rest of Scripture is like trying to understand the last chapter of an advanced chemistry book without ever having studied chemistry. For this reason the study of Revelation is really the study of the whole rest of the Bible.”


(Revelation 1:19)
Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;

History is Progressive, not cyclical (The Book of Daniel, Chapters 2-12)
  1. The Age of Innocence
  2. The Age of Conscience
  3. The Age of Promise
  4. The Age of the Law
  5. 400 silent years
  6. The Church Age
  7. The Rapture of the Church into Heaven
  8. The Great Tribulation: Historical Focus Back to Israel
  9. The Second Coming of the LORD Jesus Christ
  10. The Millennial Kingdom
  11. Eternity
  • History is His Story, under God' Sovereignty & not under man's control
  • The book of Revelation is completely couched in the Old Testament and Jewish history and prophecies, which is how we understand it.
  • Revelation has visions of both Heaven and earth, back and forth
  • Revelation goes forward, rewinds, returns again.
  • Revelation also follows the pattern/order/terminology given to Daniel in Daniel 9-12
  • Over 400 verses, with 800 references to the Old Testament, which is the key to understanding it.

History is under God's Control, Always:

(Psalms 75:7 [KJV])
But God is the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up another.

(Daniel 2:20-21 [KJV])
Daniel answered and said, Blessed be the name of God for ever and ever: for wisdom and might are his: And he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding:

(Daniel 4:17 [KJV])
This matter is by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones: to the intent that the living may know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will, and setteth up over it the basest of men.

Layout of Revelation

  1. The opening Revelation /Introduction
  2. Letters to the churches
  3. Rapture
  4. Israel now focus
  5. Judgment
  6. Seven Seals
  7. Seven Trumpets
  8. Seven Bowls
  9. Armageddon
  10. Satan chained
  11. First Resurrection
  12. Millennium
  13. Second Resurrection
  14. Re-Creation/New Jerusalem/Eternity
  • Chapter 1: The Revelation of the Glorified Christ
  • Chapters 2-3: Seven churches
  • Chapters 4-5 The Church in Heaven
  • Chapters 6-19: Tribulation on earth, wake up Israel
  • Chapter 20: The Millennial Kingdom
  • Chapter 21-22: The New Heaven and new earth

The Judgment Structure

Seven Seals (6-8), Seven Trumpets (8-11), Seven Vials/Bowls (15-17)

  • Seal 1: False Peace
  • Seal 2: War
  • Seal 3: Famine
  • Seal 4: Death by sword, famine, beast of the earth
  • Seal 5: Martyrs in Heaven
  • Seal 6: Joel's Day of the LORD (earthquakes, signs in sun, moon, stars)
    • Trumpet 1
    • Trumpet 2
    • Trumpet 3
    • Trumpet 4
    • Trumpet 5
    • Trumpet 6
  • Seal 7
      • Bowl 1
      • Bowl 2
      • Bowl 3
      • Bowl 4
      • Bowl 5
      • Bowl 6
      • Bowl 7
    • Trumpet 7


(Deuteronomy 4:30-31)
When thou art in tribulation, and all these things are come upon thee, even in the latter days, if thou turn to the LORD thy God, and shalt be obedient unto his voice; (For the LORD thy God is a merciful God;) he will not forsake thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers which he sware unto them.

Revelation Chapter 1

(Revelation 1:1)
The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified [it] by his angel unto his servant John:
  • The ultimate author the Revealer, and is not John, but Jesus, who got it from the Father, who REALLY is the ultimate author
  • The purpose given-Revelation to man about the end times
  • Unto "His servants" is to us, the people who this entire book is for, since the world will not believe
  • Shortly means just that...once it starts?  FAST!
  • Sent and signified
  • Perhaps this is the angel Gabriel
(2 Peter 3: 3-4)
Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.

SIG'NIFY, v. t. [L. significo; signum, a sign, and facio, to make.]
  1. To make known something, either by signs or words; to express or communicate to another any idea, thought, wish, a hod, wink, gesture, signal or other sign. A man signifies his mind by his voice or by written characters; he may signify his mind by a nod or other motion, provided the person to whom he directs it, understands what is intend by it. A general or an admiral signifies his commands by signals to officers as a distance.
  2. To mean; to have or contain a certain sense. The word sabbath signifies rest. Less, in composition, as in faithless, signifies destitution or want. The prefix re, in recommend, seldom signifies any thing.
  3. To import; to weigh; to have consequence; used in particular phrases; as, it signifies much or little; it signifies nothing. What does it signify? What signify the splendors of a court? Confession of sin without reformation of life, can signify nothing in the view of God.
  4. To make known; to declare. The government should signify to the protestants of Ireland that want of silver is not to be remedied.
SIG'NIFY, v.i. To express meaning with force. [Little used.]

SHORT'LY, adv.
  1. Quickly; soon; in a little time. The armies came shortly in view of each other. Clarendon.
  2. In a few words; briefly; as, to express ideas more shortly in verse than in prose.
(Revelation 1:2)
Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.
  • The “Who bare record” is referring to John
  • Again repeats that this is from Jesus Himself
  • This is a vision through the angel
(Revelation 1:3)
Blessed [is] he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time [is] at hand.
  • There is a special blessing in reading and understanding this book-it is the only book that says this, and gives the special blessing
  • Again, urgency (time is at hand)
  • This indicates “at any time” this can happen
  • The New Testament believers thought Jesus would return in their day
(2 Thessalonians 2:2-12)
That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.
Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things?
And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:

(Revelation 1:4
John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace [be] unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne; And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
  • The only One who can call Himself "Which is, and which was, and which is to be" is the I AM
  • This same I AM told them that someone else would come in their own name and nearly everyone in Israel would follow him. (John 5:43)
    This is that time of fulfillment
  • The Real Author is restated as Jesus Christ
  • First begotten of the dead
  • Prince over all kings
  • Loves us
  • Washed us from our sins
  • In His Own Blood


(Exodus 3:14)
And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.


(John 5:43)
I am come in my Father's name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive.

(John 6:35)
And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.

(John 6:41)
The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from heaven.

(John 6:48)
I am that bread of life.

(John 6:51)
I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

(John 7:28)
Then cried Jesus in the temple as he taught, saying, Ye both know me, and ye know whence I am: and I am not come of myself, but he that sent me is true, whom ye know not.

(John 7:29)
But I know him: for I am from him, and he hath sent me.

(John 8:12)
Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.

(John 8:16)
And yet if I judge, my judgment is true: for I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me.

(John 8:18)
I am one that bear witness of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness of me.

(John 8:23)
And he said unto them, Ye are from beneath; I am from above: ye are of this world; I am not of this world.

(John 8:24)
I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins.

(John 8:28)
Then said Jesus unto them, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he, and that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things.

(John 9:5)
As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.

(John 9:9)
Some said, This is he: others said, He is like him: but he said, I am he.

(John 9:39)
And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind.

(John 10:7)
Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.

(John 10:9)
I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.

(John 10:10)
The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.

(John 10:11)
I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.

(John 10:14)
I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.

(John 10:36)
Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?

(John 11:25)
Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:

(John 12:46)
I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.

(John 13:19)
Now I tell you before it come, that, when it is come to pass, ye may believe that I am he.

(John 14:6)
Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

(John 14:10)
Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.

(John 14:11)
Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me: or else believe me for the very works' sake.

(John 14:20)
At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you.

(John 15:1)
I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman.

(John 15:5)
I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye 

(John 18:5)
They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them.

(John 18:6)
As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground.

(John 18:8)
Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way:

(John 18:37)
Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.

(John 19:21)
Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.


(1 Corinthians 15:20)
But now is Christ risen from the dead, [and] become the firstfruits of them that slept.

(1 Corinthians 15:23)
But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.

(Colossians 1:18)
And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all [things] he might have the preeminence.

(Revelation 1:5)
And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
  • What greater witness than Jesus exists?
  • Without His Resurrection, all bodies would be in the grave, lost souls in hell
  • King of Kings, Prince of Princes, LORD of LORDs
  • In His own Blood, because no other blood would do


(Hebrews 9:12)
Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.

(Revelation 1:6)
And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him [be] glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
  • We are royal kings and priests in Gods eyes
  • “God and His Father” is a verse for the Deity of Jesus Christ, because God IS the Father God; therefore who HAS a Father must be God the Son
(Revelation 1:7)
Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they [also] which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.
  • This must be the Second Coming, not the Rapture, which happens like a thief in the night, nothing to see, just something no longer to see (the Church)
  • Every Eye Shall See Him 
  • The Muslims teach he is coming back with Mohammed to "straighten and fix things out and make peace"
  •  He is coming back to destroy the evildoers and save Israel from the Muslims, Europeans, Russia and all who are coming against Israel
(Matthew 24:30)
And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

(Matthew 26:64)
Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

(Mark 13:26)
And then shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory.

(Mark 14:62)
And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

(Zechariah 12:10)
And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.

(Revelation 1:8)
I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.
  • Both "Alpha and Omega", and "Beginning and Ending", "First and Last" and "the Almighty", are known by cults and religions to be names of God and always referring to God.
  • Again the I AM in "which is, and which was, and which is to come"
(Revelation 1:9)
I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.
  • John was persecuted for preaching the Gospel and exiled for it, but the only apostle known to die natural death.
  • John was boiled in oil, and afterward banished to Patmos. (Foxe's Book of Martyrs)
  • Patmos:
    Patmos is a small barren rocky island in the Aegean Sea off the southwest coast of modern Turkey. It more or less faces the city of Ephesus, where John had been serving as pastor/bishop of the church, until the cruel Emperor Domitian had him banished because of his testimony.
(Revelation 1:10)
I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,
  • This is a vision John is about to see
  • There was a trumpet on Mount Sinai
  • A trumpet was used to gather the saints
  • A trumpet was used for memorials
  • A trumpet was used for the Holy Convocation (day off)
  • A trumpet was used in war, to assemble also
  • A trumpet was used to bring the walls of Jericho down
  • A trumpet was used by Gideon to defeat the Midianites
  • A trumpet was used by Saul to gather the Israelites
  • A trumpet was used by David to lead the Ark of the Covenant, when it was moved, arrived, etc.
  • A trumpet was used by Zadok the priest to anoint Solomon as king of Israel, plus others
(Exodus 19:16)
And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled.

(Leviticus 23:24)
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.

(Numbers 10:9)
And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the LORD your God, and ye shall be saved from your enemies.

(Numbers 10:10)
Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God.

(Numbers 29:1)
And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you.

(Numbers 31:6)
And Moses sent them to the war, a thousand of every tribe, them and Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, to the war, with the holy instruments, and the trumpets to blow in his hand.

(Joshua 6:5)
And it shall come to pass, that when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, and when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him.

(Judges 7:22)
And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and the LORD set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host: and the host fled to Bethshittah in Zererath, and to the border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath.

(1 Samuel 13:3)
And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.

(2 Samuel 6:15)
So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.

(1 Kings 1:34)
And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel: and blow ye with the trumpet, and say, God save king Solomon.

(Revelation 1:11)
Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send [it] unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.
  • Alpha and Omega, first and last, beginning and end-all titles of God Himself
  • Grace leads to peace and not the other way around
  • What John saw was in Heaven-the Seven Churches, raptured
  • These were seven actual churches in Turkey at that time
  • The order of the churches in the book is according to an old postal route used to deliver letters
  • They are also the history of the church
  • They also represent types of Christians in the church throughout all of the history
  • Lastly, they represent types of local bodies of Christians, today called "churches". In any age, including now.
  • We can learn about how to walk by studying the letters to the churches
  1. The Church grows
  2. The enemy tries to stop the spread of the Church from without through persecution
  3. Persecution actually makes the Church grow and strengthen
  4. Failing that, the enemy simply then tries to stop the spread of the Church from within with an apostasy

The Churches and the Characteristics

  1. Ephesus-Apostolic Age Before AD 100: "universal church of the days of the apostles, or the first century of Christianity" Warmth and love and labor for Christ; defection beginning with a gradual cooling of love, false professions and clergy/laity distinctions.
  2. Smyrna-Age of Persecution 100 to 313 AD: "the age of martyrdom, when pagan Roman emperors attempted to destroy Christianity with the violence of the sword" or "the persecuted church". Sweet and precious martyrdom, but a progression of clergy/laity distinctions and Judaizing tendencies, with an increasing departure from the simplicity of the gospel.
  3. Pergamos-Imperial Church Age (Church/State marriage)
    313 to 590: "the church was exalted to royal power and kingly authority through a union, or marriage, with the state." or "the licentious church" True faith more and more disappearing; clericalism systematized, union with the world.
  4. Thyatira-Age of Papacy 590 to 1517: "the corrupt, political church of the Middle Ages." or "a lax church" Purple and glory for the corrupt priesthood; false prophets enthroned in a time when truth was exchanged for darkness (up to the Reformation).
  5. Sardis-Reformation Age 1517 to 1730: "but doubtless embraces the entire history of Protestantism to the end of the gospel dispensation" or "a dead church" Separation and return to the rule of Christ; many great names, but also deadness, and lethargy (Protestant centuries).
  6. Philadelphia Missionary Age 1730 to 1900: "a favored church" Closer adherence to Jesus' word, more fraternity among Christians modern evangelical movement of the 19th century, characterized by revivals, worldwide missions movements, and renewed expectation of Jesus' return.
  7. Laodicea Age of Apostasy 1900 to ? (Rapture)
    . "a lukewarm church" or "a sad comment on modern Christendom." We are now in that age today

Evaluating These Interpretations

There is validity in this approach if these periods are seen as broad, imprecise descriptions of the church through history, allowing for generous periods of overlap. For example, it seems that the last four churches will persist until the coming of Christ (see 2:25; 3:3, 11, 20).
If one accepts these seven letters as descriptive of the flow of church history, it does not require that we see them as exclusive, rigidly sequential ages. Secondly, it is good to remember that if these letters are a prophecy of the course of church history, this is their secondary significance. First and foremost, the letters were written to real, existing first-century congregations, and to "all who have an ear to hear."

As Morris says, "Since there is nothing directly said by Christ to require - or even to suggest - such an (prophetic)
application, a literalistic approach to the study of Revelation cannot place much emphasis on it."

As well, we must remember that every age has had some characteristics of all seven churches. Though certain historical periods are marked by the conditions spoken of in these letters, we could never say that "only one letter" applies to us or our age.

Joseph Seiss speaks to this well: "There are Protestant Papists, and Papistical Protestants; sectarian anti-sectarians, and partyists who are not schismatics; holy ones in the midst of abounding defection and apostasy, and unholy ones in the midst of the most earnest and active faith; light in dark places, and darkness in the midst of light."

We need to hear what the Spirit says to the churches (in the plural sense), not just one church.

Why These Seven Churches?

  1. Local: actual churches; valid needs.
  2. Admonitory: "hear...churches" ...all seven letters apply to all seven churches.
  3. Personal: "He that hath an ear...." It applies to you and me personally.
  4. Prophetic: In their particular order, they lay out the entire history of the church. [They fill the gap implied in Daniel 9:26, and between Revelation 12:5 and 6, etc.] Whereas the Book of Acts covered the first 30 years of the church, the Book of Revelation takes it from Acts to His Second Coming (covering about 2000 years)
    . Cf. Matthew 13; Pauline letters...Any other order--it doesn’t fit!
(Revelation 1:12)
And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks;
  • Candlestick is the seven churches, with the pastors and Christians of the churches
(Matthew 5:14-16)
Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

(Revelation 1:13)
And in the midst of the seven candlesticks [one] like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle.
  • Jesus Christ is LORD, reigning over all of the churches, even then when they were not for Him and were dead, even those today who want nothing to do with Him in these last days
(Revelation 1:14)
His head and [his] hairs [were] white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes [were] as a flame of fire;
  • This is the LORD on His Throne, with fire in His eyes
  • Whatever Jesus looks at is toast!
  • Fire is spoken of five hundred fifteen times in the Bible
  • Fire is for sacrifices, judgment, cooking and lust
  • Fire represented God in Exodus as a pillar, as a bush, on the mountain
  • God's fire is all consuming
(Daniel 7:9)
I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.

(Deuteronomy 4:24)
For the LORD thy God is a consuming fire, even a jealous God.

(Revelation 1:15)
And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters.
  • Brass represents Judgment
  • Brass is not hardened with heat, only pounding. The fire then must be the burning judgment He will mete out on the earth
(John 5:22)
For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:

  (Revelation 1:16)
And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance [was] as the sun shineth in his strength.
  • Jesus is in charge over the seven angels (stars) of the seven churches
  • He will judge by the Scriptures (sharp, twoedged sword)
  • He is blinding light on all darkness, and will light the world one day in the millenium
(Hebrews 4:12)
For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
(Revelation 1:17-18)
And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: I [am] he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

(Revelation 22:5 [KJV])
And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.
  • (Revelation 1:11) I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last (God)
  • (Revelation 1:17) Fear not; I am the first and the last: (God)
  • (Revelation 1:18) I [am] he that liveth, and was dead; (God dies, is resurrected)
  • (Revelation 2:8) the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;
(Matthew 16:19)
And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

(Revelation 1:19)
Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;
  • Record present and future events (hint of going back and forth)
  • This is the outline of the book
    • "the things which thou hast seen,": Things John saw in the book of John, (death, burial, resurrection)
    • "and the things which are":  Things which were going on then in John's day (chapters 2-3, his time and all of church history)
      .......the seven letters, churches, times to now (2012 A.D.)
    • "and the things which shall be hereafter;" Things during the Tribulation to the end (chapters 4-22 Israel, Gentiles, in Heaven with the church)
(Revelation 1:20)
The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.
  • The explanation of the symbols from the previous verses
Revelation Chapter 2


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