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Genesis Chapter 10

THE TABLE OF NATIONS

Acts 17:26
And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;

Saved or not, we are all related by blood, starting with Adam and Eve. This is even acknowledged by science, with the recent discovery that we all come from one woman, dubbed "Mitochondrial Eve". But once we are saved, we are also related by another Blood, the Blood of the LORD Jesus Christ. But, Post-Flood, only eight of Adam's descendants survived, and only his three sons and their wives were left to populate the entire earth, today at around six to seven billion. There were seventy grandsons of Noah, and seventy nations listed in the table of nations, and roughly nations and languages on earth. This is rough, but consistent, and certainly not by coincidence. The Septuagint (LXX) lists seventy seven, but that is not Scripture, and a cheap imposter loaded with errors, does not count.

One thing of note about ancient and modern times. People migrate, win and lose wars, win and lose land, win and lose names, change names, translate and re-translate them, changing the spelling over time, even in the same language. They also are either absorbed or die out, often overnight, leaving very little recorded history. Some endure, to be used of God in later times, even today and in the future. It is God's will which nations are around and which are conquered, destroyed, die out, meaning that some lines of history are a blip after the Flood, some long, some epic.

For this reason, it is often very difficult to pinpoint with any certainty who and where the descendants of Ham, Shem and Japheth were and are today. In some instances, it is easy; others hard. What we name it today is not what God called it then in His Word, but if it is the one God refers to, rest assured the same place and people. For instance, today we call it Jordan. God STILL calls it Moab in prophecy for today (Isaiah-Zephaniah) and the future.

FACTS ABOUT THE THE TABLE OF NATIONS

  • It is considered by critics as the most reliable accounting in existence
  • No other document exists which catalogs all of the people groups, languages from ancient times
  • It stands alone to explain all of our origins
  • It is completely backed up by archaeology and written, oral history
Genesis 10:1
Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood.
  • These three sons are from whom all of us came
  • Since Shem lived the longest, it is surmised that he wrote the table of nations, around 502 years after the Great Flood (Genesis 11:10, 11)
  • It is presumed that the three split up after the incident in Genesis 9
GENERA'TION, n. The act of begetting; procreation, as of animals.
  1. 1. Production; formation; as the generation of sounds or of curves or equations.
  2. A single succession in natural descent, as the children of the same parents; hence, an age. Thus we say, the third, the fourth, or the tenth generation. Gen. 15:16.
  3. The people of the same period, or living at the same time.O faithless and perverse generation. Luke 9.
  4. Genealogy; a series of children or descendants from the same stock. This is the book of the generations of Adam. Gen 5.
  5. A family; a race.
  6. Progeny; offspring.

(Genesis 9:20-27)
And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard: And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without. And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father's nakedness. And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him.
And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

Genesis 10:2
The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

JAPHETH

  • JAHPETH: The elder (eldest), Genesis 10:21
  • His name means "enlargement", as he went throughout Europe, the isles, India

    Genesis 9:27
    God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

  • He was born 100 years before the Flood (Genesis 5:32, 7:11)
  • Japheth was married before the flood (Genesis 6-7)
  • He had his seven sons after the flood (Genesis 10, below)
  • None of those sons become part of the lost tribes of Israel
  • The Greeks called Japheth"Iapetos, or Iapetus", whom they regarded as the son of heaven and earth, the father of many nations.
  • In the ancient Sanskrit vedas of India, he is called "Pra-Japati", the sun and "Lord over Creation".
  • The Romans referred to him as first Iupater, and then Jupiter
  • The origin of the Eurasian/Indo-European peoples, and Gog and Magog

GOMER

  • GOMER: More or less the father of the ancient Sumerians
  • In Ezekiel 38, Gomer comes with Gog, Magog, Iran, Ethiopia, etc. to attack Israel
  • Gomer was also the name of Hosea's wife who he took from whoredom to illustrate how Israel was committing whoredoms
  • The descendants Gomer became the Cimmerians, Celts
  • They settled originally on the shores of the Caspian Sea
  • Predominantly the Germanic Tribes

1 Chronicles 1:5-6
The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras. And the sons of Gomer; Ashchenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

Ezekiel 38:6
Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands: and many people with thee.

MAGOG

  • The Turks, Huns, Fins, Scythians, Slavs, Russians, Bulgarians, Bohemians, Polish, Slovakians, Croatians

MADAI

  • Medes, Persians, Indians, Iranians, Afghans, Kurds

JAVAN

  • Greeks, Romans, French, Portuguese, Italian, Spanish

TUBAL

  • Ancient "Tiberani" (ancient Assyrian records)Tobolsk, Russia
  • Tubal is nearly always associated with Mechesh in Scripture, confirming it is Russian
1 Chronicles 1:5
The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan,and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

Isaiah 66:19
And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, to Tubal, and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.

Ezekiel 27:13
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.

Ezekiel 32:26
There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.

Ezekiel 38:2
Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,

Ezekiel 38:3
And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:

Ezekiel 39:1
Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:

MESHECH

  • "Muscovi", or "The Muscovites", (Moscow, Russia)
  • Also called "Mysia"
  • Believed to have started in what is now modern day Turkey and migrated into what is now Russia, and specifically the Moschian Mountains
  • Again, associated with Tubal

1 Chronicles 1:5
The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

1 Chronicles 1:17
The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.

Ezekiel 27:13
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.

Ezekiel 32:26
There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.

Ezekiel 38:2
Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,

Ezekiel 38:3
And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:

Ezekiel 39:1
Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:

TYRUS

  • Thracians (Southeastern Europe), Indo-Europeans, Germans, Eastern Europeans, Northern Germanics (Scandinavians), West Germans, (High and Low Germans, Anglo-Saxons, English), again through what is now Turkey
  • Here and one other verse are the only two mentions of Tyrus (Tiras)
1 Chronicles 1:5
The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras
.

Genesis 10:3
And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

ASHKENAZ

  • ASHKENAZ: "Germany"
  • Not all Ashkenazis were/are Jews, but some who were in the region were Jews in both modern and ancient times, in contrast to Sephardic Jews
  • Ashkenazi Jews today are German Jewish mysticsknown as the Hasidei Ashkenaz, or "German Pietists".
  • One source tells us that Ashkenaz and his descendants first settled around the Black Sea and then moved north into a land that was called Ascenia. This area later became known as the Islands of Scandia, or Scandinavia as we know it today. (4) So if your heritage is from a Scandinavian country like Finland, Denmark, or Sweden, then this person is probably your distant relative. It is also possible that some people in this lineage also settled in Germany since the word Ashkenaz is a traditional Hebrew word for Germany.
  • A source mentions that Ashkenaz and his descendants originally came to and settled around the Black Sea area, then migrated north into an area and that was called Ascenia. In other words, there is a direct link between Ashkenaz and Scandinavia. The area was then known as the Islands of Scandia, later as the name Scandinavia we know now. (4) So if your heritage is from a Scandinavian country like Finland, Denmark, or Sweden, then this person is probably your distant relative. It is also possible that some people in this lineage also settled in Germany since the word Ashkenaz is a traditional Hebrew word for Germany.
1 Chronicles 1:6
And the sons of Gomer; Ashchenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

RIPHATH

  • Names and locations of descendants is largely obscure, may be identified with the Rhipaean mountains, i.e. the Carpathian range in the northeast of Dacia. Or Ural mountains
  • May be the Paphlagonians
  • May also be the Carpathians
  • It is speculated that the word "Europe" is a corruption, modification, adaptation or variation of Riphath
  • Again, a group of the Germanic tribes
1 Chronicles 1:6
And the sons of Gomer; Ashchenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

TOGARMAH

  • Nearly certainly today the Armenians
  • They Armenians claim the name
  • It is where the name "Jewish Targum" comes from
  • Turkey and Turkestan also can claim this name somehow
Genesis 10:4
And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.
  • The fourth son of Japheth
  • JAVAN: comes from the Hebrew word which means deceiver or one who makes sad
  • Most likely the origin Greeks, Ionians (Greek Island)
  • In the Scriptures, the word Javan is the word for Greece, or the Greeks
  • Javan had four sons: Elishah possibly corresponding with the Aegean nations, Tarshish possibly corresponding with the Tarsus (Anatolia), Kittim (modern day Cyprus), and Dodanim (Dodecanese island of Rhodes)
Ezekiel 27:13
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.

Ezekiel 27:19
Dan also and Javan going to and fro occupied in thy fairs: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were in thy market. Genesis 10:5
By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.
  • The most important part is "after their tongue", as it would be impossible to dwell together without a form of oral/verbal communication
  • Europe, India, Persia(Iran)
  • Their forte/contribution was intellectualism and philosophy

CANAAN: SON OF HAM

Genesis 9:25
And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.

One vital and nearly always overlooked fact about Ham is that it was his son Canaan who was cursed of God in Genesis 9, not Ham himself directly. This confusion has led to all sorts of ideas, such as the color of black people's skins is due to the curse, has led to bias, mistreatment of blacks throughout all of history, and continues today. The Canaanites were bitter enemies of Israel, and it was primarily their land which Israel took (ALL OF IT), along with other lands. This is why exactly we should always rightly divide the word of truth (2 Timothy 2:15). In other words, this led also to the idea that the Bible is a "racist" book and teaches that slavery of blacks was OK. This stems from ignorance of the Word of God both in and out of the Church, but especially "atheists", agnostics, "skeptics".

THE LAND OF THE CANAANITES

Exodus 3:17
And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a land flowing with milk and honey.

Exodus 13:5
And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month.

Exodus 13:11
And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee,

Deuteronomy 1:7
Turn you, and take your journey, and go to the mount of the Amorites, and unto all the places nigh thereunto, in the plain, in the hills, and in the vale, and in the south, and by the sea side, to the land of the Canaanites, and unto Lebanon, unto the great river, the river Euphrates.

Deuteronomy 11:30
Are they not on the other side Jordan, by the way where the sun goeth down, in the land of the Canaanites, which dwell in the champaign over against Gilgal, beside the plains of Moreh?

Joshua 13:4
From the south, all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that is beside the Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the borders of the Amorites:

Nehemiah 9:8
And foundest his heart faithful before thee, and madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give it, I say, to his seed, and hast performed thy words; for thou art righteous:
1 Chronicles 4:40 And they found fat pasture and good, and the land was wide, and quiet, and peaceable; for they of Ham had dwelt there of old.

HAM'S LINEAGE

Genesis 10:6
And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
(1 Chronicles 1:8)
The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

(1 Chronicles 1:9)
And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabta, and Raamah, and Sabtecha. And the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.

(1 Chronicles 1:10)
And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be mighty upon the earth.

(Isaiah 11:11)
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

(Habakkuk 3:7)
I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction: and the curtains of the land of Midian did tremble.

(Zephaniah 1:1)
The word of the LORD which came unto Zephaniah the son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hizkiah, in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah.

Genesis 10:7
And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtecha: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.
Genesis 10:8
And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth.
  • Nimrod's son Tammuz's birthday is around the winter solstice December 25th
  • Nimrod's wife was named Semiramis
  • He was the originator of the idea of the Christmas tree
  • Tammuz became a god in the eyes of the people. The Christ-mass tree and the Yule log used today were first used to celebrate the birth of Tammuz, in what became an annual religious festival in ancient pagan Babylon. The celebration of the birthday of Tammuz was always a wild drunken orgy and was a favorite festival among the pagans.
  • It included gift giving as well
Genesis 10:9
He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.
Genesis 10:10
And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
Genesis 10:11
Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,
Genesis 10:12
And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.
Genesis 10:13
And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,
Genesis 10:14
And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.
Genesis 10:15
And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth,
Genesis 10:16
And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite,
Genesis 10:17
And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,
Genesis 10:18
And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.
Genesis 10:19
And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.
Genesis 10:20
These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, and in their nations.
Genesis 10:21
Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.
Genesis 10:22
The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
Genesis 10:23
And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.
Genesis 10:24
And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber.
Genesis 10:25
And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name was Joktan.
Genesis 10:26
And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,
Genesis 10:27
And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,
Genesis 10:28
And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba,
Genesis 10:29
And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan.
Genesis 10:30
And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the east.
Genesis 10:31
These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.
Genesis 10:32
These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.

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