Galatians Chapter 2

GALATIANS CHAPTER 1:17, 18 [KJV])
Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus. Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days.

GALATIANS CHAPTER 1:21-23 [KJV])
Afterwards I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia; And was unknown by face unto the churches of Judaea which were in Christ: But they had heard only, That he which persecuted us in times past now preacheth the faith which once he destroyed.

(Galatians 2:1 [KJV])
Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with [me] also.

  • Three years in Arabia, Damascus, then to see Peter, then back to Syria, and Cilicia (in Turkey, Asia Minor)
  • Now we are back in Jerusalem after another fourteen years.
  • Close to two decades? More than that? A liong time has passed, many years reading, studying, preaching, teaching, discipling
  • Paul was very independent, needing no help from anyone but the LORD Himself as we all should
  • Being saverd from the Law and that high position into God's grace, he appreciated liberty, freedom, more than those who were "not too religious" as Jews.

(Galatians 2:2 [KJV])
And I went up by revelation, and communicated unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to them which were of reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain.

  • God had brought him there, revealing great fruit to come from it beforehand
  • Knowing the hard culture of anti-Christian persecution, legalism, etc. Paul had to resort to being covert about it.
  • Men "of reputation"...nearly always unteachable, arrogant, a waste of time. They want to know what seminary you went to, if you have any Christian books written, where you are a mainstream pastor, etc. They want to know how much the world knows and loves you, not God. This was why it had to be privately, to avoid them being ashamed, exposed
  • This was because of fear by Jews of the persecution, the hatred of the Gospel by the Pharisees/Sadducees/Romans
  • Being kicked out of the synagogue, family stigma, etc. was and still is a great trauma to many Jews
  • Paul knew what happened to Jsus, His disciples and anyone who preached the Gospel in front of the Jewish leadership...persecution, leading to abject fear, terror, retraction, and resultant lack of fruit, like giving that which is holy to dogs, like pearls before swine, having to wipe the dust from your feet and moving on.

    (Matthew 7:6 [KJV])
    Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.

(Galatians 2:3 [KJV])
But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised:

  • "But neither" means that Paul rejected it as well
  • Some fruit, a saved-by-grace Gentile who did not keep the law, as would have been required by, say, Peter
  • This is the liberty we have as believers-not to have to follow a law we could never keep, in order to be saved.
  • Obeying God's Word keeps us in fellowship, but only AFTER we are saved eternally, a major theme in this epistle

(Galatians 2:4 [KJV])
And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage:

  • Apparently this practice from 2,000 years ago still goes on...false "Christians", false teachers, false "apostles", etc. entering the church, bringing in their heresies
  • "False brethren brought in unawares" has a purpose. A nefarious one, which is to disrupt the gospel message and coprrupt the people.
  • These are "false brethren", not believers. The problem, then as now, is that too many are undiscerning and cannot tell the difference, making them targets, prey, victims
  • In every case, it is always a works-based salvation, before getting savbed (in order to) or afterwards ("to not lose one's salvation").
  • As said here, the cults, false teachers enslave their victims with their lies, as lies always enslave those telling them and those receiving them
  • The liberty we have IN CHRIST JESUS, outside of Whom there is no liberty, just enslavement to sin

(Galatians 2:5 [KJV])
To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.

  • Paul, being "an Hebrew of Hebrews" would never have tolerated their doings, as soon as he found out.
  • Subjection: voluntarily letting them be over you, submitting to their "authority"
  • Because either the truth of the Gospel of Christ is over you, or the lies of "another gospel"-which Paul said in the previous chapter is not even a gospel-is over you
  • All exposure to false teaching is harmful. Immediately, short term, long term, lifelong, for eternity
  • All exposure of false teaching is necessary and can also be harmful, dangerous, even deadly
  • As well, the Gospel is hindered in the body when false teachings are allowed to fester

SUBJECTION, n.
  1. The act of subduing; the act of vanquishing and bringing under the dominion of another. The conquest of the kingdom and the subjection of the rebels--
  2. The state of being under the power, control and government of another. The safety of life, liberty, and property depends on our subjection to the laws. The isles of the West Indies are held in subjection to the powers of Europe. Our appetites and passions should be in subjection to our reason, and our will should be in entire subjection to the laws of God.

(Galatians 2:6 [KJV])
But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man's person:) for they who seemed [to be somewhat] in conference added nothing to me:

  • When heretics arrive, they seem to bring friends who are likeminded, to bolster their false position, teaching, doctrine
  • Even in numbers, great or small, the truth is what always wins when we stand up for it
  • God accepts people when they abide by His Word; He rejects whosoever goes against it

(Galatians 2:7 [KJV])
But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as [the gospel] of the circumcision [was] unto Peter;

  • It is exactly the same Gospel, two groups of people-Jew, Gentile (Greek, heathen)
  • In the same way that Peter was to the Jews, Paul was sent to the heathen. No difference
  • The reason is simply that the Jews had the Old Testament, the Law, the promises of salvation through their Messiah
  • The Gentiles, Greeks, heathen only would know about this Jewish Messiah through the Jews
  • The Jews had the Creator God; the Gentiles had and still have their own "god of the gaps", "evolver god"
  • This is why Paul told the gentiles, Greeks first about the Creation/Creator, then Who the Saviour is and why he told the Jews who their MEssiah is from their own Scriptures, foretold
  • Same Gospel, different angle to come from

(Galatians 2:8 [KJV])
(For he that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles:)

  • Same God, two different people groups, same gospel, teaching the same Christ, with two different approaches
  • To the Jews (circumcision): THE LAW, YOUR LAW, does not save you. Your Messiah does, by grace through faith
  • To the Gentiles (uncircumcision): The Creator God Who made you, the Messiah to the Jews, now saves you, by grace through faith

(Galatians 2:9 [KJV])
And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we [should go] unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.

  • Some saved Jews got it, and were not afraid of being kicked out of the Synagogue by their leaders
  • They understood that salvation was by grace to all, including the chief sinner Paul
  • They understood their own ministry, and that of Paul and Barnabas being to other people

(Galatians 2:10 [KJV])
Only [they would] that we should remember the poor; the same which I also was forward to do.

  • The persecution of the Christians brought much abject poverty
  • Their only relief was from other Christians, often
  • Forward here means eager, earnest, bold, ardent, quick-take your pick

(Galatians 2:11,12 [KJV])
But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision.

  • This is how we are to correct doctrinal error(s)
  • A person weho teaches false doctrines must be confronted to the face
  • Keeping the law, a works salvation in any way, if a false doctrine to be corrected
  • All cults, from the R.C.C., S.D.A., the Mormons, Jehovah;'s Witnesses, Amish, "The Jesus Movement", New Agers, etc. have works salvation
  • It is their hallmark, their badge opf honor, part of their initiation process

(Galatians 2:13 [KJV])
And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation.

  • They faked being Jew-ISH and held the Gentiles under the law, forsaking grace
  • Dissimulation is just the act of dissambling

DISSEMBLE, v.t. [L.]
  1. To hide under a false appearance; to conceal; to disguise; to pretend that not to be which really is; as, I will not dissemble the truth; I cannot dissemble my real sentiments. [This is the proper sense of this word.]
  2. To pretend that to be which is not; to make a false appearance of. This is the sense of simulate.
    Your son Lucentio doth love my daughter, and she loveth him, or both dissemble deeply their affections.

DISSEMBLE, v.i. To be hypocritical; to assume a false appearance; to conceal the real fact, motives, intention or sentiments under some pretense.
Ye have stolen and dissembled also. Josh 7.
He that hateth, dissembleth with his lips. Prov 26.

(Galatians 2:14 [KJV])
But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before [them] all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?

  • Apparently, when he was away from the Jews, Peter acted like a Gentile among the Gentiles. ONLY when, was the issue.
  • Knowing that the their own law does not save, never did, never will, there was no reason for Peter to teach Gentiles to keep the Jewish law
  • This keeping of the law, this forcing others to do likewise is called "walking not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel", by Paul here
  • What this means is that the Gospel is not about keeping the law, but walking in grace, to be saved, and after
  • Publicly rebuking Peter was necessary since, it appears, Paul may have spoken to him privately, previously
  • Paul asked the reason for this heresy. I am supposing that the reply was, "Uh, um, well, um, you, uh, see, uh"

(Galatians 2:15 [KJV])
We [who are] Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles,

  • Paul is not even implying that only Gentiles are sinners, but rather "sinners of the Jews" versus "sinners of the Gentiles"

SINNERS ALL, JEW AND GENTILE

(Psalms 53:3 [KJV])
Every one of them is gone back: they are altogether become filthy; [there is] none that doeth good, no, not one.

(Isaiah 53:6 [KJV])
All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

(1 Peter 2:25 [KJV])
For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.

(Romans 3:9-10 [KJV])
What then? are we better [than they]? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:

(Romans 3:19-23 [KJV])
Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin. But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; Even the righteousness of God [which is] by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

All of Romans chapter three, in context, in fact the entire epistle, affirms this. (Psalms 14:3 [KJV])
They are all gone aside, they are [all] together become filthy: [there is] none that doeth good, no, not one.

  • Cover to cover, it is very clear that nothing in any place, in cvontext, not privately interpreted, says our works will save us, but rather faith in the shed Blood of the LORD and Saviour Jesus Christ
  • All have sinned, all are guilty before the Father of the Blood of the Righteous Lamb Jesus Christ
  • It teaches also that the law was given to show us that we could not keep it, that we are fallen sinners, incapable of saving ourselves

(Galatians 2:16 [KJV])
Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.

  • "even we have believed in Jesus Christ", as in "even us, the chosen nation of God"owing to the fact that the leadership had so been into themselves, thinking that their law keeping would save them, and teaching others also
  • More context of being saved by grace through faith, not the law, not works, not our own "righteousness"
  • NO FLESH, not a single person, Jew, Gentile, no matter, will be saved by works, by the law, by our own "righteousness"
  • Thinking we are righteous outside of Christ, in our flesh, by the law is SELF RIGHTEOUSNESS
  • Not only that, but we further cannot STAY in God's Saving Grace, nor LOSE His saving Grace (our salvation) by keeping it, as His sons and daughters, but rather be disciplined as children, not cast out as aliens

(1 Corinthians 15:50 [KJV])
Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.

(Galatians 2:17 [KJV])
But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, [is] therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid.

  • Justified by Christ, not by our own works
  • There you go. Saved by grace, declared righteous by God, in His sight, through the precious Blood of CHrist, an yet still found sinners, in the flesh, carnal, because our flesh is not saved, our soul is
  • Flesh, Spirit, opposites, like black and white, light and dark, righterous and unrighteous, guilty and innocent, grace and law, works and faith, heaven-bound and hell-bound, saved and unsaved,
  • It is not the fault of Jesus that we are sinners, in that we have a sin nature and we sin.

(Galatians 2:18 [KJV])
For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor.

  • "Building again" what Paul destroyed is crucifying the flesh to destroy keeping the law and institute faith, grace
    1. Persecuting Christians, to death
    2. Living under the Old Testament Law + all of the many added laws of the Jews
    3. Again, this means living under the law and not by faith in Christ, believing in Him for our salvation only makes us transgressors
    4. He destroyed them by qwalkuing in faith, the faith of Jesus Christ

(Galatians 2:19 [KJV])
For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.

  • "I through the law" is the law of faith, making Paul and us dead to the law of man
  • It is one or the other, only
  • This is because the law of faith kills the law keeping, for salvation, for being declared righteous before God

(Galatians 2:20 [KJV])
I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.

  • We die in the flesh and live in the Spirit because Jesus lives
  • Once again we see faith is the agent, allowing God's grace to pour out and freely flow to us
  • When we crucify the flesh, the Spirit remains alive and sustains us
  • This is what the "nevertheless" is all about since, in our finite minds, crucifying only means death
  • In this instance, it means more life, not death at all

(Galatians 2:21 [KJV])
I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness [come] by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.

  • Working for salvation or to keep it means Jesus died for nothing
  • Either to frustrate here is to interrupt, defeat, nullify
  • If we could be righteous before God without Jesus Christ, then God sent His Son to die.......for nothing whatsoever

FRUS'TRATE, v.t. [L. frustro.]
  1. Literally, to break or interrupt; hence, to defeat; to disappoint; to balk; to bring to nothing; as, to frustrate a plan, design or attempt; to frustrate the will or purpose.
  2. To disappoint; applied to persons.
  3. To make null; to nullify; to render of no effect; as, to frustrate a conveyance or deed.
Galatians Chapter 3

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